Daily Micro: Yesterday’s Visionaries in Today’s World ~ Hannibal

Acknowledging Hannibal

I cross the Alps, I use the weather. Italy can’t know I come;

 Joseph Mallord William Turner, ‘Hannibal Passing the Alps, for Rogers's 'Italy'’ c.1826-7


I am Eisenhower. They tell me I have a 36-hour window to launch and I give the order and we go on June 6, 1944;



I am Colorado and I am happening;


And I am your future;

Weather as a Force Multiplier:

Owning the Weather in 2025


A Research Paper

Presented To

Air Force 2025


Col Tamzy J. House

Lt Col James B. Near, Jr.

LTC William B. Shields (USA)

Maj Ronald J. Celentano

Maj David M. Husband

Maj Ann E. Mercer

Maj James E. Pugh

August 1996

Executive Summary

In 2025, US aerospace forces can “own the weather” by capitalizing on emerging technologies and focusing development of those technologies to war-fighting applications…

Table 1

Operational Capabilities Matrix


Precipitation Enhancement Precipitation Avoidance

– Flood Lines of Communication – Maintain/Improve LOC

– Reduce PGM/Recce Effectiveness – Maintain Visibility

– Decrease Comfort Level/Morale – Maintain Comfort Level/Morale

Storm Enhancement Storm Modification

– Deny Operations – Choose Battlespace Environment

Precipitation Denial Space Weather

– Deny Fresh Water – Improve Communication Reliability

– Induce Drought – Intercept Enemy Transmissions

Space Weather

– Revitalize Space Assets

– Disrupt Communications/Radar

– Disable/Destroy Space Assets

Fog and Cloud Generation

– Increase Concealment

Fog and Cloud Removal 

– Deny Concealment –

Maintain Airfield Operations

– Increase Vulnerability to PGM/Recce –

Enhance PGM Effectiveness

Detect Hostile Weather Activities

Defend against Enemy Capabilities

~ Stephen J. Bergstrom


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